Physical movement and characters back next

The following are some of the characters which show a movement in physical techniques.

Japanese English Comments
ke-ru kick ke-ru is a verb, meaning "kick".
keri/
geri
keri is a noun, meaning "kick". It is pronounced geri when it comes with other characters telling the kind of the kick. Thus, "front leg kick" is called mae geri, not mae keri, where mae means "front".
tu-ku punch tu-ku is a verb, meaning "punch".
tuki/
zuki
tuki is a noun, meaning "punch". It is pronounced zuki when it comes with other characters telling the kind of the punch. Thus, "front hand punch" is called jun zuki, not jun tuki, where jun means "ordinary".
uke-ru guard,
block
uke-ru is a verb, meaning "guard".
uke uke is a noun, meaning "guard" or "block". It can be used alone or in conjunction with other characters which tell the kind of the guard.
u-tu hit u-tu is a verb, meaning "hit". Utu is an action like hitting a ball with a bat, whereas tuku is an action like thrusting with a tip of spear.
da/
uchi
da or uchi is a noun, meaning "hitting". It usually comes with other characters telling the kind of the hitting. Thus, "hitting with shuto" is called shuto uchi, not shuto zuki. Guess why.
mawa-su turn,
around
mawa-su is a verb, meaning "turn" or "make it go around".
kai When used with other characters, it is pronounced kai and means the kind of movement which goes around or a like.
kutu bend down kutu means "bend down". When used with other characters such as shin which means "body", it is pronounced kusshin.
no-basu strech,
straighten
no-basu means "straighten".
shin When used with other characters, it is pronounced shin.
ma-geru bend ma-geru means "make something bend or curved".
kyoku When used with other characters, it is pronounced kyoku.
hine-ru twist,
turn
hine-ru is a verve meaning "twist".
hine-ri hine-ri is a noun meaning a movement of twisting something. It is often used in an explanation of Juho.
susu-mu go forward,
step forward
susu-mu is a verve meaning "go forward".
shin When used with other characters, it is pronounced shin. An example is zen shin which means "go forward".
hi-ku,
saga-ru
recede hi-ku or saga-ru is a verve meaning "recede".
tai When used with other characters, it may be pronounced tai. An example is shin tai which means "go back and/or forth".

Direction and characters back back

The following are some characters which show the direction of the movemant or in general.

English Japanese Comments
up, upper ue It means "up" or "upper". When used with other characters, it is pronounced uwa such as uwa uke which is a combination of ue and uke. Thus uwa uke means upper guard.
jou When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "jaw", and means "upper part of". An example is jou dan geri which means a high kick.
lower,
under,
down, beneath
shita It means "under", "lower", "down" or "beneath". An example is shita uke which means a lower guard.
ka,
ge
When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as ka or ge, and means "lower part of". An example is ge dan geri which means a low kick.
beside,
aside,
side
yoko It means "side". Thus yoko geri means a side kick.
ou When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "ow" of "own", and means "side of".
front,
forward
mae When used alone or in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as ma e, and means "front" or "forward".
zen When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "then", and means "front portion of".
back,
behind
ushiro,
ato
It means "back" or "backward".
go,
kou
When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "go" or "co" of "cold", and means "latter part of" or "backside of".
aslant,
diagonally
naname It means a direction different from the direction you are concentrating on, but not in the 90 degree of angle. It is a character which shows that an object is not in or at a right angle.
right migi It means "right". Thus migi mae means a position in which your right leg is set forward.
u When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "woo" of "wood". An example is u wan which means a right hand.
left hidari It means "left". Thus hidari mae means a position in which your left leg is set forward.
sa When used in combination with other characters, this is pronounced as "sa" of "sad". An example is sa wan which means a left hand.

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